Another Presentation of Zechariah 2:1-13 – Who is YHWH?

Zech 2:1-13:    “…another angel …said unto [the first angel that spoke to Z] run, speak to [Z] saying Jerusalem shall be inhabited as towns without walls…” “For thus says the LORD (YHWH) of hosts, “After the glory has he sent me to the nations who spoiled you, for he who touches you touches the apple of His eye. For behold, I will shake mine hand upon them and they shall be a spoil to their servants, and you shall know that the LORD of hosts has sent me. Sing and rejoice O daughter of Zion, for lo, I come and I will dwell in the midst of you,” says the LORD …and many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and shall be my people, and I will dwell in the midst of you and you shall know that the LORD of hosts has sent me to you. And the LORD shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy land, and shall choose Jerusalem again. Be silent O all flesh, before the LORD; for He is raised up out of his holy habitation.”

“He” has sent YHWH to the nations who spoiled Jerusalem. (v 8)

Yet, YHWH of hosts has sent Him! (v 9)

YHWH of hosts “comes and will dwell in the midst of” “the daughter of Zion” (v 10), understood to be Jerusalem (v 4,7)

And again, YHWH of hosts has sent Him (v 11)


He Who speaks is identified by the Speaker as YHWH.

He Who sends is identified by the Speaker as YHWH.

He Who is sent is identified by the Speaker asYHWH.

The Speaker speaks of the Sender in the third-person – “He” – and uses third-person verbs in reference to the Sender’s interaction with the Speaker: “He has sent Me …. He has sent Me…”

The Speaker being YHWH, speaks absolute truth. The Speaker, Who is Almighty God, states that both He Himself and Him Who sent Him, share the “divine name”; They are both YHWH. Yet they are two separate individuals.

Therefore, according to this passage of Zechariah, spoken to the prophet Zechariah by God Almighty, at least two divine individuals share the title YHWH, which we know is unique to God alone, necessitating that at least two divine individuals are properly recognized to be part of God.

This short study does not address the question of how more than one individual may be part of God and possess the divine “name” God gave to Moses to convey God’s identity to the nation of Israel. It merely stands as one of many instances in the Old Testament where God Himself identifies at least two divine individuals as possessing the diving name and therefore being part of God. To answer the other two questions, please refer to the following links:

Understanding the Trinity of God

NATURE OF GOD – Who, of What Sort, and What Character is Almighty God?